Iranian‐born photographer and video artist, based in New York. Because of the Iranian revolution, Neshat was away from her homeland for twelve years, visiting again for the first time in 1990. The striking transformations in Iranian society that had taken place form the basis of much of her work, which has been widely exhibited in Europe and North America. Women of Allah, a series of photographs depicting women, some carrying guns, wearing the chador, and with their faces and hands covered with finely written Persian script, drew critical attention for their examination of conflicting assumptions about the ‘Islamic woman’. Her video work, for example the trilogy Turbulent, Rapture, and Fervour, often explores gender in traditional Islamic society. However, although frequently set in an Iranian context, Neshat's photographic and video images address social issues that transcend specific cultural boundaries.